Gaelic Speeking Countries: By those who made them, the lanterns were said to represent either spirits or supernatural beings, or were used to ward off evil spirits. For example, sometimes they were used by Halloween participants to frighten people, and sometimes they were set on windowsills to keep harmful spirits out of one's home.  It has also been suggested that the jack-o'-lanterns originally represented Christian souls in purgatory, as Halloween is the eve of All Saints' Day (1 November)/All Souls' Day (2 November).

The application of the term to carved pumpkins in American English is first seen in 1837.

America:In the United States, the carved pumpkin was first associated with the harvest season in general before it became a symbol of Halloween.In 1895, an article on Thanksgiving entertaining recommended giving a lit jack-o'-lantern as a child's prize in Thanksgiving games. The poet John Greenleaf Whittier, who was born in Massachusetts in 1807, wrote the poem "The Pumpkin" (1850), which mentions Thanksgiving but not Halloween:

Oh!—fruit loved of boyhood!—the old days recalling,

When wood-grapes were purpling and brown nuts were falling! When wild, ugly faces we carved in its skin,

Glaring out through the dark with a candle within!.



Positive and Negative Shapes

The Celts

Your Assignment


Fold Orange Paper in half and only draw half of a pumpmkin adding the features and then cutting them out

Cut out all the pieces of the paper that hava a folded edge

     Keep everything you cut!

Then put the Jack-O-Lantern back together using only half of the pieces. Glue these pieces down on black paper using a glue stick

     Be sure to pay close attention as I guide you threw the process!

Add some artistic flair to your work by adding line and shape designs to the orange paper with a black marker